A tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth to address health or cosmetic concerns. This procedure is most commonly performed on severely damaged teeth that are unlikely to respond to fillings, crowns or other restorative measures. In addition, extractions can help prevent infection, create space for permanent teeth, and relieve overcrowding ahead of orthodontic treatment. There are 2 types of extractions available to patients: Simple and surgical. A simple extraction, which involves putting pressure on the tooth with an elevator and forceps, is performed on teeth that are visible within the mouth. A surgical extraction is performed on teeth that haven’t broken through the gum line and requires a small incision to complete.